Our country successfully launched Geely constellation 02 satellites

At 7:37 on February 3, 2024, Beijing time, our country used the Long March II C carrier rocket at the Xichang Satellite Launch Center to successfully launch the Geely Constellation 02 group of satellites, 11 satellites successfully entered the predetermined orbit, and the launch mission was a complete success.

This mission is the 508th flight of the Long March series of carrier rockets.

These commonly used Chinese patent medicines are expected to meet the "group purchase price"

  Yangcheng Evening News reporter Chen Zeyun Intern Zhang Song

  The curtain of centralized collection of Chinese patent medicines is being opened. On September 14th, Guangdong Pharmaceutical Trading Center issued the Procurement Document with Quantity of 58 Pharmaceutical Groups such as Guangdong Alliance Qingkailing (Draft for Comment). The alliance regions participating in this centralized procurement include Guangdong, Shanxi, Henan, Hainan, Ningxia, Qinghai and Xinjiang, and the selected drugs in the centralized procurement of proprietary Chinese medicines in the seven provinces and regions are all the dosage forms and specifications of 58 generic drugs with large consumption and high purchase amount in the basic medical insurance catalogue.

  The reporter of Yangcheng Evening News found that the 58 drugs collected by Guangdong Alliance are all proprietary Chinese medicines, among which 36 are exclusive varieties, such as Xiyanping, Lianhua Qingwen and Xiaoer Chiqiao Qingre, which have sold over 100 million yuan. There are also many commonly used drugs such as Qingkailing, antiviral oral liquid and orange phlegm cough. This also means that after chemical drugs, the "price-cutting boots" hanging on the head of Chinese patent medicines will finally fall.

  58 "high price and large quantity" Chinese patent medicines were included in Guangdong centralized procurement.

  According to the "Draft for Comment", the range of varieties purchased by the pharmaceutical group this time is all the dosage forms and specifications of 58 generic drugs with large consumption and high purchase amount in the basic medical insurance drug list. The main participants in the procurement are all public medical institutions in the alliance area, and medical institutions and designated pharmacies designated by medical insurance can participate voluntarily.

  The centralized procurement of Chinese patent medicines led by Guangdong has made detailed requirements for dosage forms, quotation requirements and successful selection. The quotation of enterprises must be based on "daily average treatment expenses". On the basis of effective declared price, the lower the price, the easier it is to win the bid.

  According to the "Draft for Comment", 58 kinds of Chinese patent medicines with high price and large quantity, including 36 exclusive varieties such as Aidi, Shenkang and Lianhua Qingwen, cover many popular Chinese patent medicines in the market. According to the data of Minenet, many drugs such as Suhuang Zhike Capsule, Xiyanping Injection, Bering Capsule, Lanqin Oral Liquid, etc., which are included in the centralized procurement alliance, will all exceed 100 million yuan in terminal sales in public hospitals in key cities in 2020.

  Actively explore the centralized collection of Chinese patent medicines in many places

  Under the normalization of centralized procurement, the centralized procurement of generic drugs and medical devices has gone through many rounds, and promoting the centralized procurement reform of Chinese patent medicines has become the key direction of the next medical reform. It has become a trend that the pace of centralized procurement extends from generic drugs to proprietary Chinese medicines. On August 9th, the website of the National Medical Insurance Bureau clearly revealed in the public reply "Suggestions on Accelerating the Centralized Procurement of Chinese Medicine and Formula Granules" that the next step, the Medical Insurance Bureau will, together with relevant departments, improve the quality evaluation standards of Chinese patent medicines and formula granules, adhere to quality priority, take clinical demand as the guide, and start with high-priced and large-quantity varieties to scientifically and steadily promote the centralized procurement reform of Chinese patent medicines and formula granules.

  "At present, Chinese patent medicines have not yet risen to the level of national collection, or the provinces are taking the lead in trying." Shi Lichen, founder of Dingchen Consulting, told the Yangcheng Evening News reporter that the rapid progress of generic drug collection was due to the previous implementation of a consistency evaluation system, which allowed all generic drugs participating in the collection to compete in the market under the premise of unified specifications and unified efficacy. The difficulty of centralized collection of Chinese patent medicines stems from the fact that the origin, processing technology and dosage forms of different Chinese patent medicines are not uniform, which also leads to different curative effects of the same medicine.

  The reporter found out that before Guangdong, Qinghai Province, Jinhua, Zhejiang Province, Puyang, Henan Province and other places had carried out centralized exploration for some varieties of Chinese patent medicines with large demand and high amount. Among them, in November 2019, Jinhua City, Zhejiang Province included 180 Chinese patent medicines in the procurement with quantity. In May 2020, the catalogue of procurement with quantity published by Qinghai Province also included traditional Chinese medicine injections such as Xuesaitong, Xueshuantong, Tanreqing and Xiyanping.

  How much to reduce the price depends on the centralized purchasing strategy

  "The purpose of centralized collection of Chinese patent medicines and centralized collection of chemical medicines is the same, both of which are to promote drug price reduction. However, because most of the products included in centralized mining are exclusive varieties, how much the price reduction can be reduced depends on the centralized mining strategies of various provinces and cities. " Shi Lichen said.

  How much can the price reduction of centralized collection of Chinese patent medicines be reduced? Taking the previous regional centralized procurement as an example, in the publicity list of the second batch of enterprises to be selected for purchasing drugs with quantity published by Jinhua City, Yunnan Baiyao selected compound Danshen tablets (0.3g/ tablet) at a price of 0.18 yuan, and Zhejiang Kangenbei selected ginkgo leaves at a price of 0.71 yuan/tablet (containing 19.2mg of total flavonol glycosides and 4.8mg of terpenoid lactones). The reporter found that the price reduction of the above drugs is about 20%-30%, which is relatively mild compared with the price reduction of chemical drugs.

  Shi Lichen pointed out that for exclusive varieties, the incentive for manufacturers to reduce prices will not be particularly great. However, it is worth noting that the exclusive variety of proprietary Chinese medicines is a relative concept, which is mainly measured from the perspective of the number of manufacturers. If it is extended to the level of indications, many proprietary Chinese medicines generally do not have the so-called exclusive efficacy. Therefore, if the indications or functional indications are similar, the exclusive variety of proprietary Chinese medicines may not be exempted, and once it is included in the centralized purchase, it may face competition with other varieties with indications and functional indications, which will also bring pressure on enterprises to reduce prices.

  Involving a number of A-share listed companies.

  The reporter noted that at present, the collection of Chinese patent medicines led by Guangdong belongs to the stage of soliciting opinions, but if it falls, it may have an impact on the market structure of related drugs.

  Among them, Qingkailing series drugs and Zishen Yutai Pill, the exclusive variety, are important products of Baiyun Mountain. Baiyun Mountain’s 2020 annual report shows that Qingkailing Granules achieved a revenue of 174 million yuan, with a gross profit margin of 53%, and the sales volume of Qingkailing series reached 461 million (bags/sticks/granules); The annual revenue of Zishen Yutai Pills was 342 million yuan, with a gross profit margin of 85.20%. The annual sales volume was 5.67 million boxes, of which 4.138 million boxes were purchased by medical institutions.

  Xiangxue Pharmaceutical, another local listed company in Guangzhou, whose antiviral oral liquid and orange phlegm cough are also planned to be included in the list of centralized purchase. According to Xiangxue Pharmaceutical’s 2020 annual report, antiviral oral liquid and orange series brought 407 million yuan and 119 million yuan respectively, accounting for 17.12% of the company’s current revenue. These two kinds of drugs are mainly concentrated in pharmacies and other terminals.

  Lianhua Qingwen is an important product of Yiling Pharmaceutical. According to the 2020 annual report of Yiling Pharmaceutical, its continuous flower clearing contributed 4.256 billion yuan in revenue, accounting for 48.46% of revenue, up 149.89% year-on-year. Yiling Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. said that Lianhua Qingwen’s market share in retail terminal cold medicine/heat-clearing category reached 9.86% in 2020, and Lianhua Qingwen’s market share reached 37.9% in the sales revenue of proprietary Chinese medicines for cold medicine in China public medical market in the first half of 2020.

  Tasly owns an exclusive variety of Compound Danshen Dripping Pills. Based on the company’s 2020 financial report, the total revenue of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular drugs including Compound Danshen Dripping Pills is 4.165 billion yuan (the data of Compound Danshen Dripping Pills is unknown). Last year, the drug was purchased by medical institutions for 107 million boxes. Buchang Pharmaceutical, the research and development company of Naoxintong Capsule, has a total revenue of 12.083 billion yuan for cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases (including Naoxintong Capsule) last year. The two packaging specifications of the drug are "36 capsules/box" and "48 capsules/box", and the annual purchase volume of the hospital is 41.22 million boxes and 56.84 million boxes respectively.

  According to industry analysis, because the capital market is relatively unfamiliar with the collection of traditional Chinese medicine, the implementation of the policy may cause certain emotional impulses. In recent years, Chinese patent medicines have been suppressed by the policy, and the overall sales growth rate has continued to slow down. Due to the influence of auxiliary drug monitoring and medical insurance payment restrictions, the sales of some large varieties of Chinese traditional medicine injections have continued to decline. If the quantity procurement is introduced later, the Chinese patent medicine market will face greater uncertainty. There is a lack of data on the safety and effectiveness of proprietary Chinese medicines, and the product specifications are more complicated. At present, the country is expected to introduce proprietary Chinese medicines for re-evaluation after listing, and further standardize the proprietary Chinese medicine market. In the long run, it is expected that the introduction of centralized collection of proprietary Chinese medicines will benefit leading enterprises with high-quality resources, which is expected to further enhance the concentration of the industry.

  News depth  

  How to avoid the upstream price increase making it difficult for the winning bidder to perform?

  There should be more supporting policies for centralized collection of Chinese herbal medicines.

  "The varieties of Chinese patent medicines that are planned to be collected this time involve 216 kinds of Chinese medicinal materials, of which 76 kinds of medicinal materials have increased by more than 10%, accounting for 35.19%, and the overall increase is 21.86%, which is higher than the average increase of market conditions in the past five years." Jia Haibin, founder of the big data platform of Tiandi Yuntu Chinese medicine industry, told the Yangcheng Evening News reporter that centralized collection of Chinese medicine is the only way for medical insurance to control fees and reduce drug prices, but the market background of continuous general increase in Chinese medicine prices should be included in the policy consideration, otherwise it is easy to happen that the winning bidder cannot fulfill the delivery due to the price increase of upstream Chinese medicine.

  Jia Haibin pointed out that Chinese medicine is different from standard products such as chemical drugs and biological products, and the source of raw materials is the core of its quality control. At present, it is still difficult to fully implement the policy of centralized collection of traditional Chinese medicine, and it is highly probable that a small range and a small number of varieties will be tested to improve standards and processes and make up for policy loopholes. With the continuous implementation of centralized purchasing, on the one hand, major enterprises will continue to increase their efforts to enter the producing areas and strengthen the strategic reserve of core raw materials. On the other hand, the centralized procurement organization department will also tilt towards "the traceability of authentic medicinal materials" in terms of scoring standards and quality level division, which will play a positive role in accelerating the construction of traceability system of Chinese herbal medicines and improving the overall quality level of Chinese herbal medicines.

  "It is suggested that the channels of appeal should be further opened." Shi Lichen suggested that in the centralized procurement of proprietary Chinese medicines, it should be suggested to establish a smoother communication mechanism, so that the selected enterprises can timely feedback the supply problems of raw materials in the performance of the procurement contract, and introduce more supporting policies to ensure the stable supply of drugs after winning the bid.

The first snow in Chengdu went online. Did it snow there?

"It’s snowing, it’s snowing, it’s big!" At 8 o’clock on the evening of January 21, Chengdu Meteorological Observatory announced that snow was falling in Sandaoyan, Longquanshan Urban Forest Park, Wenjiang Lujiatan and Huanglongxi in Pidu District of Chengdu.
One night passed, and yesterday morning, many citizens found that there was snow.
Location: Taiping Taoyuan Mountain, Tianfu New District, Sichuan
Snow is falling all over the sky. "At 8 o’clock last night, we saw it like a light snow. What a surprise!" Xiao Lu, the manager of Guiyuan & Guiyu Hidden B&B, said. One night passed, and it was really a white snow scene, which was gratifying.
Location: Yaowangtai, Taiping Town, Tianfu New District, Sichuan
The snow on the lookout platform soon accumulated a thin layer. When encountering the first snow, some netizens made a stroke on the snow and wrote down their wishes for 2024.
Location: Tiantai Mountain Scenic Area
"is like a spring gale, come up in the night, blowing open the petals of ten thousand pear trees" has a cold wind, and it has accumulated for a winter. Snow has spread all over Sandaowan, and the snow has poured down the stone. On the occasion of the twelfth lunar month, the first snow on the rooftop is online!
Location: Longquan Mountain Urban Forest Park
According to netizens’ photos, the snow in Longquan Mountain on the evening of 21st was really heavy! Overnight, in Wumiao Town and Gaoming Town, the eastern new district of Chengdu, located in the hinterland of Longquan Mountain, a thin layer of white snow has been laid on the top of the mountain, trees and grass slopes. In the Danjingtai Scenic Area in the East New District of Chengdu, the "Eye of the City" has been covered with snow, and tourists can’t wait to climb the Danjingtai to overlook the magnificent scenery of hundreds of miles of snow.
Mengdingshan scenic spot
Thousands of acres of tea gardens and thousand-year-old trees "grow old overnight"
On January 21, the first snow in 2024 began in Mengding Mountain Scenic Area of Sichuan. By January 22, Mengding Mountain Scenic Area was "white-headed overnight", and thousands of acres of tea gardens and thousand-year-old trees had been replaced with silver.
3-5cm thick snow is enough for tourists to experience snowball fights, snowmen and sledding in the south, and many tourists "grow old together" in the swirl of snowflakes.
Chengdu Business Daily-Red Star News reporter learned that during this period, Tiangai Temple in Mengding Mountain can also experience cooking tea around the stove and taking photos and punching cards in Hanfu. On weekends, Mengding Mountain Scenic Area also has a non-legacy exhibition of tea art and skills, as well as performances such as te amo and Hanfu dances. During the Spring Festival, Mengding Mountain Scenic Area will carry out the activity of "seeing the dragon and finding the dragon at the top of the mountain" and send new year wishes to tourists!
Mengding Mountain Scenic Area is located in Ya ‘an City, Sichuan Province. It is one of the first provincial-level scenic spots in Sichuan and a national AAAA-level scenic spot. Mengding Mountain is about 10 kilometers long and 4 kilometers wide. The top of the mountain is surrounded by five peaks, which are like lotus flowers, and the highest peak is Shangqing Peak, with an altitude of 1,456 meters. The scenic spot is composed of two main scenic spots, Mengshan Mountain and Baizhang Lake. There are many scenic spots, such as Tiangai Temple, Yongxing Temple, Baizhangguan Memorial Hall, Yinyang Stone Archway, Tea History Museum and so on. The total area of the scenic spot is 54 square kilometers and the core area is 15 square kilometers.
Mengding Mountain Scenic Area is the birthplace of world tea civilization and world tea culture. The altitude, soil and climate of Mengding Mountain are most suitable for the growth of tea. From the Zhongshan area at an altitude of about 80-1000 meters, from west to east, patches of tea gardens are piled green and green, and the green waves are surging, green and pleasant, which is spectacular. Mengding tea with a long history is called "fairy tea" and Mengding Mountain is known as "hometown of fairy tea".
The hills around Xichang are covered with snow.
"Seeing the scenery of the North overnight"
"The sun was shining the day before, and the temperature dropped by more than 10℃ overnight. It actually snowed in Xichang!" In the early morning of the 22nd, affected by cold air, Xichang City, Sichuan Province ushered in the first snow in 2024. This news even exploded the circle of friends of local people.
"The day before yesterday, the highest temperature was still more than 20℃, and it suddenly snowed today! Xichang also entered the winter overnight, and I have to wear a down jacket again! " On the morning of January 22, some citizens in Xichang City found that they were shivering when they went out, and the surrounding hills were already white. "Xichang is warmer in winter and it snows less."
"When we opened the window, everything we saw was white. Xichang overnight allowed us to see the snow country scenery in the north every year without leaving home." Ms. Li, a local citizen, said that since the early morning of the 22nd, small snowflakes began to float in some places in Xichang City, but the snowfall in the urban area was not large, and it snowed heavily in Lushan Mountain and high-altitude areas around the urban area.
The reporter learned that it also snowed in some areas near Qionghai. According to the villagers of Walnut Village, the sun was shining brightly yesterday (21st), and it was covered with snow this morning, and a layer of snow was formed in the flower beds and on the ground.
The snow in Yibin attracted the public to exclaim that the bamboo sea in southern Sichuan turned into a "cedar"
On January 22nd, it snowed in pingshan county, Xuzhou District, Xingwen County and Zhuhai Scenic Area in southern Sichuan, and even Qixing Mountain in the suburbs of Yibin was covered with snow, with snow on the roof, trees and vegetable fields, and heavy snow in some high-altitude areas such as Laojun Mountain in Pingshan, Grand Snow Mountain in Junlian and Xianfeng in Xingwen.
Because it rarely snows in Yibin, which is located in the south of Sichuan, this round of snowfall has also surprised many citizens. Many people have exposed live videos of "snowing" on social platform accounts and issued exclamations. According to the video provided by netizens, the places where it snows in Yibin include Xingwen King Mountain Scenic Area, Changning Shunan Bamboo Sea Scenic Area, Pingshan Laojun Mountain, Jinping, Ma Caoping, Qilian Snow Mountain, Xingwen Xianfeng Township, Qixing Mountain in Xuzhou District, and Foxian Mountain.
At 8: 25 a.m. on January 22, Yibin Meteorological Observatory issued a live report of heavy cooling rainfall, which showed that Yibin Meteorological Observatory issued a yellow warning of heavy cooling on January 19. As of 8: 00 a.m. on January 22, the daily average temperature in all districts and counties of the city had dropped by about 6℃, and the minimum temperature had dropped to 2℃.
The rainfall in Yibin is generally light rain, with moderate rain in some places and heavy rain in some places. When cold air affects it, there are 5 to 7 gusts of wind, and the great wind appears at 14.8 m/s (level 7) in Xuzhou District. (Peng Qingxia Chengdu Business Daily-Red Star Journalist Jiang Lin Jiang Long Luo Min Comprehensive Chengdu Release, Chengdu Meteorology, Sichuan Observation)
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The national lottery abandoned more than 2.5 billion prizes, and Hunan, Guangdong and Jiangsu took the top three! Where did the money go?

  Zhongxin Jingwei Client September 5 th (Dong Xiangyi) The lottery fund account book is related to the rights and interests of lottery players and public welfare undertakings, so the annual lottery sales situation has attracted everyone’s attention. According to data released by the Ministry of Finance a few days ago, in 2018, 51,147,173 yuan of lottery tickets were issued and sold nationwide. The overdue prize money was 2,512.77 million yuan, among which, Hunan, Guangdong and Jiangsu ranked the top three in the country. The topic of "more than 2.5 billion bonuses overdue in 2018" has also sparked heated discussions on the Internet. Netizens are also very curious about how this huge bonus will be disposed of.

  Data Map: Photo by Xin Jingwei Dong Xiangyi in the website of China Welfare Lottery Issuance Management Center

  The national lottery abandoned more than 2.5 billion, and Hunan, Guangdong and Jiangsu were among the top three.

  Lottery refers to the certificate issued by the state in order to raise social welfare funds and promote the development of social welfare undertakings, sold according to law, purchased by natural persons voluntarily, and obtained the chance of winning the prize according to specific rules.

  Lottery funds are divided into three categories: lottery bonus, lottery issuance fee and lottery public welfare fund. Lottery bonuses are used to pay lottery winners; Lottery issuance expenses are used to pay the business expenses of lottery institutions and the sales expenses of consignment agents; The lottery public welfare fund shall be turned over to the state for social welfare undertakings.

  According to data from the Ministry of Finance, in 2018, 511,471.73 million yuan of lottery tickets were issued and sold nationwide. The overdue prize money was 2,512.77 million yuan, and in 2018, a total of 133,874.98 million yuan of lottery public welfare funds were raised.

  The Zhongxin Jingwei client combed and found that from the ranking of abandonment prizes in 31 provinces in 2018, Hunan was the region with the most abandonment prizes, reaching 760 million yuan; Guangdong and Jiangsu ranked second and third, with 175 million yuan and 142 million yuan respectively. In addition, there are six provinces, including Shandong, that give up prizes of more than 100 million yuan, including 135 million yuan in Shandong, 129 million yuan in Zhejiang and 125 million yuan in Yunnan.

  Source: Announcement of the Ministry of Finance

  In 2018, the province with the least lottery abandonment prize was Qinghai, which was 8.01 million yuan. Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai and Chongqing gave up prizes of 70.56 million yuan, 25.2 million yuan, 43.68 million yuan and 32.57 million yuan respectively last year.

  It is worth noting that according to the data previously disclosed by the Ministry of Finance, in 2017, the national overdue prize money was 1,700.17 million yuan. In 2018, this figure increased by 47.8% year-on-year.

  Netizen: No, you can give it to me.

  There is also a lot of discussion on the Internet about the abandonment of the lottery in 2018. Some netizens ridiculed: "Why do you want to give up and send it to me?" Others said, "I was so scared that I quickly looked at the only lottery ticket I bought."

  A netizen recalled, "In June this year, there was an acquaintance here who lost more than 8 million people. Now everyone we know knows about it. We bought a villa and changed cars. In recent days, someone has always mentioned him from time to time. I am also sour, so I don’t have to drink water every day, and I have enough saliva."

  User comments screenshot

  @l Riding a pig for a ride L: Why did you win the lottery ticket? You can give it to me if you don’t want it.

  @ Huiwenhuang and Li Kele: Hunan Spicy Moduo abandoned the prize, which may be related to the lottery ticket I lost.

  @ A box of scented tea: 2.5 billion, enough for me to spend several lifetimes.

  @ Qikelu: Trying to trick me into buying lottery tickets again.

  @ 京京京京: Yes … … Still not? I bought it once last year, but I don’t know if it won, and I forgot to look at it … … … … Gee, I may be one step away from the rich.

  @ 京京京京: Pay attention to vertigo. Tick "five times" and vertigo becomes "five periods". If you don’t win in the current period, the lottery ticket will be lost.

  User comments screenshot

  Some netizens believe that "it is normal to abandon the prize. Some lottery players are too casual when buying lottery tickets. They don’t remember to check the lottery number. Some people don’t know where to throw the lottery ticket after buying it. Many grand prizes have missed the effective time to receive the prize. People like me who dream of winning the prize will not abandon the prize. "

  In fact, everyone is generally concerned about how this huge abandonment bonus of 2.5 billion yuan will be "digested". It is understood that Article 57 of the Detailed Rules for the Implementation of the Lottery Management Regulations stipulates that the bonuses that have not been redeemed within the time limit shall be included in the lottery public welfare fund, and shall be settled and collected by the lottery sales organization and turned over to the provincial finance, all of which shall be reserved for local use. In other words, the 2.5 billion yuan lottery discard bonus will be disposed of and distributed by local financial departments.

  What are the rules for lottery redemption?

  I believe that many lottery players don’t want to regret giving up the prize because they missed the redemption period. What should we pay attention to about lottery redemption? According to the regulations of China Welfare Lottery Issuance Management Center, after the implementation of the Regulations on Lottery Management, the deadline for redemption will be extended to 60 natural days after the lottery.

  Redemption period

  Lottery winners should redeem their prizes within 60 natural days from the date of drawing. On the last day of the redemption period, if there is a national legal holiday or the lottery market is closed, it will be postponed to the first working day after the legal holiday or the lottery market is closed. Such regulations protect the interests of lottery players and winners, and are more humane.

  Redemption place

  The regulations of lottery agencies around the country on the redemption location are not completely consistent. The specific redemption location can be found in local lottery agencies or lottery sales outlets.

  Protection of winners

  In the impression of ordinary people, lottery winners are generally armed to the teeth, with no shortage of hats, glasses and masks, and some even wear wigs. After the promulgation of the Regulations on Lottery Management, it is clear that lottery issuers, lottery sales organizations, lottery agents and other personnel who know the personal information of lottery winners because of their positions or business convenience will protect the personal information of lottery winners. In the face of media interviews, winners who refuse to be interviewed or ask for makeup before being interviewed should follow the winners’ personal wishes. At the same time, lottery agencies also take the initiative to protect the personal information of the winners during publicity or interviews. Without the consent of the winners themselves, the personal information of the winners may not be released.

  Donations should be voluntary.

  Many grand prize winners, in order to express their feelings of "benefiting from public welfare and giving back to public welfare", can donate some winning prizes to repay the society and continue to support social welfare undertakings. However, this donation behavior should be based on the personal wishes of the winners. The Detailed Rules for the Implementation of the Regulations on Lottery Management clearly stipulates that lottery issuers, lottery sales organizations, lottery agents and other staff members shall not ask lottery winners to donate winning prizes for any reason and in any way against their own wishes.

  It must be paid in RMB.

  The Detailed Rules for the Implementation of the Regulations on Lottery Management stipulates that the winning prize of lottery tickets shall not be paid in currencies other than RMB, in kind or in multiple installments. In the consignment contract signed with the consignment agent, it is also required not to sell lottery tickets or win prizes to minors.

  On the morning of October 13th, 2014, in Shanxi Welfare Lottery Distribution Center, the third prize winner in the history of China lottery mysteriously appeared in cartoon costume to win the prize, which attracted many media to interview. The prize money is as high as 520 million, which is the third prize in China lottery history. China News Agency issued Wei Liang photo

  The lottery market grew steadily.

  Since the welfare lottery was first issued in 1987, China’s lottery market has maintained steady growth. Statistics show that in 1987, China’s welfare lottery sold 17 million yuan in the first year, and by 2018, the national lottery sales exceeded 500 billion yuan.

  According to data from the Ministry of Finance, in 2018, a total of 511.472 billion yuan of lottery tickets were sold nationwide, a year-on-year increase of 19.9%. Among them, the sales of welfare lottery institutions was 224.556 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 3.5%; The sales of sports lottery institutions reached 286.916 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 36.8%. According to the statistics of Chuancai Securities, from 1987 to 2018, the annual growth rate of national lottery sales reached 39.4%.

  Source: Chuancai Securities Research Report

  In addition, in the past decade, despite the negative growth of lottery sales in 2015 due to the influence of Internet issuance supervision, the annual growth rate of national lottery sales still reached 17.0%.

  In terms of lottery types, the sales of welfare lottery in China’s lottery market has been relatively high for a long time, but in recent years, with the good performance of sports lottery, the proportion of the two is gradually approaching. Especially in the past three years (2016-2018), the growth rate of sports lottery was significantly higher than that of welfare lottery, which made the proportion of sports lottery in total lottery sales increase from 48% to 56%.

  In terms of specific color types, lottery digital lottery is the most important lottery variety in China’s lottery market, and its proportion in total sales remains at 50%-65%; At the same time, quiz lottery has continued to grow in recent years.

  According to the insiders, the contribution of China lottery industry to society is not only reflected in the public welfare fund, but also plays an important role in fiscal revenue, labor employment, and promoting the development of related industries.

  However, some experts believe that there are still some problems in the lottery industry, such as the market development can not fully meet the demand, the management level and standardization need to be improved, and the research ability and personnel training are lacking. It is suggested that the demand of the public should be better met from the perspective of supply, and new technologies and channels should be paid attention to and considered for application in order to promote the healthy development of the industry.

  In the future, as China’s lottery industry further clarifies government management functions, improves market operation norms, and strengthens the supervision of industry access qualifications, the lottery industry is expected to achieve sustainable development. (Zhongxin Jingwei APP)

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